Earth Day, Global Climate Change and Underdeveloped Countries

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Earth Day, Global Climate Change and Underdeveloped Countries
Earth Day, Global Climate Change and Underdeveloped Countries

April 22 is the Earth Day. People across the world celebrate it through protests or set out events in nature such as replantation. Whosevers involve in these celebrations seems to have a similar concern. There is a problem that our modern life tends to extinguish biodiversity. To celebrate Earth day also meant an attempt to spread out awareness of nature.

The awareness of nature become important since scientists cautioned that human life would threaten by climate change. However, the climate change explanations were so complex to be understood. Therefore, most people easy to neglect this issue and some of them perceive that climate change was based on junk science.

For those who take seriously this future catastrophe, it is an irony. They believe that our current modern system makes the balance of the natural system wobble. This can be seen clearly through what we call ‘global warming.’ It lies in the use of non-renewable energy and intensifying factories that risen the earth’s surface average temperatures. One of the identified effects that we have witnessed is the melting of the polar glacier.

This issue arrives in the political sphere when the green movements gain influence in society. Global organizations then pay attention to this issue and encourage countries around the world to discuss a viable solution and build some commitment. In 2014, Paris Agreement have been declared to point out the global commitment to decarbonization. But not many countries follow up on this pact because every attempt to decarbonization must sacrifice economic growth decrease. It is such a bad trade-off for developing countries.

Until 2021 the climate change issue still did not take serious response at the national level. The COP26 was the second effort to build global commitment. From this event, a proposal was offered by the panellist that to prevent the effect of climate change global community must provide $ 100 billion.

This is a capitalist approach to encouraging green programs. And the question is in which way this money would be collected. Developing countries insist that advanced counties must provide this money because they are responsible for carbonization since the industrial revolution. However, the advanced counties cannot fully realize this bill without support.

I want to point out that instead of changing the fundamental structure of the economy to decarbonization, the event sheet lights the viable solution by promoting stop deforestation and replantation programs. It can be called a conservative solution. This solution thus arises a new kind of problem. The countries with larger forests feel have the right to produce more carbon than other. This makes the debate around the degree of responsibility between advanced countries and less developed, and green counties and not.

We also recognize that decarbonization can become a problem for the national energy supply. Because electric energy was the fundamental utility for the operation of the economy and electricity is mostly produced from a non-renewable generator, carbonization is not inevitable, especially in developing countries. It is also influenced by highly costing to implement renewable technology.

I think this predicament can be carried away when the advanced counties set out technology transfer plans for less developed countries to build renewable electricity generators. All the efforts to prevent climate change certainly need time. But the effect of climate change has been present right now. The news informs us that the climate anomaly intensifies hurricanes, floods, and famine across the world. When this anomaly comes regularly the farming activity will be ruined. Hence national or regional planning to secure people’s necessities must be formulated as soon as possible. It is an effort to build local resilience when climate change disasters come.